Saturday, October 26, 2019

Grammar Crumbs: Articles and Body Parts

Grammar quirk: Valthungian has two definite articles – his and – which are inherited from the Germanic proximal and medial demonstratives, *hiz and *sa, respectively. is usually the default (as became the case in most Germanic languages), but you can use his if your “the” feels more “this-y” than “that-y.”

However, when referring to personal body parts, always use his for your own and for others’.

E.g. ‘my heart’ is always hit þreta mīna – never þat þreta mīna; conversely, you would never say hit þreta þīna – always þat.

Some other useful body parts:

“mine” “yours”
hair: his hast mīna sā hast þīna
head: hit hǭviþ mīna þat hǭviþ þīna
brain: hit þrežne mīna þat þrežne þīna
eyes: hīž·ǭgnas mīnan þ·ōgnas þīnan
nose: hīža nasa mīna sō nasa þīna
ears: hīža hǭsana mīnan þō hǭsana þīnan
mouth: his munþs mīna sā munþs þīna
tongue: hīža tunga mīna sō tunga þīna
teeth: hīs tynþis mīnans þǣ tynþis þīnans
throat: his þlas mīna sā þlas þīna
neck: his þnaka mīna sā þnaka þīna
arm: his rams mīna sā rams þīna
hand: hīža handus mīna sō handus þīna
fingers: hīs fingras mīnans þǣ fingras þīnans
nail: his naglas mīna sā naglas þīna
chest: his brust mīna sā brust þīna
heart: hit þreta mīna þat þreta þīna
lungs: hīža lungna mīnan þō lungna þīnan
stomach: his maga mīna sā maga þīna
leg: hīž·anke mīna sō anke þīna
knee: hit knio mīna þat knio þīna
shin: hīža skina mīna sō skina þīna
calf: his waþua mīna sā waþua þīna
ankle: his anklas mīna s·ānklas þīna
feet: hīs fœučis mīnans þǣ fœučis þīnans

No comments:

Post a Comment