Saturday, October 26, 2019

Grammar Crumbs: Articles and Body Parts

Grammar quirk: Valthungian has two definite articles – his and – which are inherited from the Germanic proximal and medial demonstratives, *hiz and *sa, respectively. is usually the default (as became the case in most Germanic languages), but you can use his if your “the” feels more “this-y” than “that-y.”

However, when referring to personal body parts, always use his for your own and for others’.

E.g. ‘my heart’ is always hit herta mīna – never þat herta mīna; conversely, you would never say hit herta þīna – always þat.

Some other useful body parts:

“mine” “yours”
hair: his hast mīna sā hast þīna
head: hit hǭviþ mīna þat hǭviþ þīna
brain: hit hežne mīna þat hežne þīna
eyes: hīj·ǭgnas mīnan þ·ōgnas þīnan
nose: hīja nasa mīna sō nasa þīna
ears: hīja hǭsana mīnan þō hǭsana þīnan
mouth: his munþs mīna sā munþs þīna
tongue: hīja tunga mīna sō tunga þīna
teeth: hīs tynþis mīnans þǣ tynþis þīnans
throat: his hals mīna sā hals þīna
neck: his þnaka mīna sā þnaka þīna
arm: his arms mīna s·ārms þīna
hand: hīja handus mīna sō handus þīna
fingers: hīs fingras mīnans þǣ fingras þīnans
nail: his naglas mīna sā naglas þīna
chest: his brust mīna sā brust þīna
heart: hit herta mīna þat herta þīna
lungs: hīja lungna mīnan þō lungna þīnan
stomach: his maga mīna sā maga þīna
leg: hīj·anke mīnasō anke þīna
knee: hit knio mīna þat knio þīna
shin: hīja skina mīna sō skina þīna
calf: his waþua mīna sā waþua þīna
ankle: his anklas mīna s·ānklas þīna
feet: hīs fœučis mīnans þǣ fœučis þīnans

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