Monday, December 18, 2017

Lexember, Day 18

Something a little different today: Not all of these words are new (though most are), but I got on a tangent finding adjectives based on building materials with the Proto-Germanic suffix –īnaz (Gothic –eins), which causes some interesting things to happen phonologically to the base words (umlaut, verschärfung, and maybe even a few other German words).

ǣka [e̞ːkɑ] n.st.f.ō oak. Quercus species.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.ǣkaǣkisǣkaǣka
Pl.ǣkasǣkaǣkamǣkas
ǣkins [e̞ːkins] adj.a oak, oaken, made of oak.

alúmine [ɑlúmine̞] n.st.n.ija alumin(i)um. Al.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.alúminealúminisalúminiaalúmine
alúminins [ɑlúminins] adj.a alumin(i)um, made of alumin(i)um.

bǣn [be̞ːn] n.st.n.a bone.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.bǣnbǣnisbǣnabǣn
Pl.bǣnabǣnabǣnambǣna
bǣnins [be̞ːnins] adj.a bone, made of bone.

blījo [bliːjo̞] n.st.n.wa lead, plumbum. Pb.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.blījoblījugisblījugablījo
blījugins [bliːjugins] adj.a lead, leaden, made of lead.

brasnas [brɑsnɑs] n.st.m.a brass.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.brasnasbrasnisbrasnabrasna
bresnins [bre̞snins] adj.a brass, brazen, made of brass.

glas [glɑs] n.st.n.a glass.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.glasglasisglasaglas
glesins [gle̞sins] adj.a glass, made of glass.

klǣǧis[kle̞ːʤis] n.st.m.ija clay.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.klǣǧisklǣǧisklǣǧaklǣde
Pl.klǣǧisklǣǧaklǣǧimklǣǧins
klǣǧins [kle̞ːʤins] adj.a clay, made of clay.
krōme [kro̞u̯me̞] n.st.n.ija chrome, chromium. Cr.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.krōmekrōmiskrōmakrōme
krœ̄mins [krø̞ːmins] adj.a chrome, made of chrome.

kwarǧ [kwɑrʤ] n.st.m.da quartz.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.kwarǧkwarðiskwarðakward
kwerðins [kwe̞rðins] adj.a quartz, quartzen, made of quartz.

liðra [liðrɑ] n.st.n.a leather. Syn. fitla.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.liðraliðrisliðraliðra
Pl.liðraliðraliðramliðra
liðrins [liðrins] adj.a leather, leathern, made of leather. Syn. fitlins.

līn [liːn] n.st.n.a flax, linen; cloth made of linen. Linum species.
Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.līnlīnislīnalīn
līnins [liːnins] adj.a linen, made of linen.

mapulðra [mɑpulðrɑ] n.st.n.a maple, maple tree. Acer species.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.mapulðramapulðrismapulðramapulðra
Pl.mapulðramapulðramapulðrammapulðra
mapulins [mɑpulins] adj.a maple, made of maple, made of maple wood.

marmul [mɑrmul] n.st.n.a marble.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.marmulmarmulismarmulamarmul
marmulins [mɑrmulins] adj.a marble, made of marble.

paporus [pɑpurus] n.st.m.u paper.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.paporuspaporispaporapaporo
Pl.paporispaporjugapaporumpaporuns
paporins [pɑpurins] adj.a paper, made of paper.

stǣns [ste̞ːns] n.st.m.a stone.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.stǣnsstǣnisstǣnastǣn
Pl.stǣnasstǣnastǣnamstǣnans
stǣnins [ste̞ːnins] adj.a stone, made of stone.

tero [te̞ro̞] n.st.n.wa pitch, resin. Cf. terui.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.teroterusteruatero
terwins [te̞rwins] adj.a resinous, made of resin.

þāfa [θɑːfɑ] n.wk.f.ōn clay, ceramic.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.þāfaþāfinsþāfanþāfan
Pl.þāfansþāfanaþāfamþāfans
þǣfins [θe̞ːfins] adj.a ceramic, made of clay. Syn. klǣǧins; of the two þǣfins refers specifically to a very fine clay.

tītane [tiːtɑne̞] n.st.n.ija titanium. Ti.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.tītanetitanistītaniatītane
tītanins [tiːtɑnins] adj.a  titanium, made of titanium.

tunþus [tunθus] n.st.m.u tooth.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.tunþustunþistunþatunþo
Pl.tynþistynþjugatunþumtunþuns
tynþins [tynθins] adj.a tooth, ivory, made of ivory.

wutla [wutlɑ] n.st.f.ō wool.
 Nom.Gen.Dat.Acc.
Sg.wutlawutliswutlawutla
wytlins [wytlins] adj.a woolen, made of wool.

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